This article focuses on cabbage farming in Kenya. Cabbages are one of the most profitable vegetables to grow in Kenya. They are very popular with high demand in the local markets.
Ecological Conditions for Growing Cabbage
- Soils rich in organic matter, with pH of 6.0- 6.5.
- Well distributed rainfall, about 500mm annually.
- Altitude that ranges between 700- 2200 metres above sea level.
- Well drained soil.
- Temperature range of 16-20°c.
Propagation and Planting of Onions
Cabbages are propagated using seeds. The seeds can be sown directly or transplanted from a nursery. For a good start, transplanting is highly encouraged. It is advisable to transplant the seedlings when they reach 10-12 cm high. This is after 4 to 6 weeks.
The recommended space for planting is 60cm by 60cm for large headed varieties. Spacing for medium sized varieties is 60cm by 45 cm while for small varieties is 40cm by 30cm.
Planting should also be done with fertilisers such as DAP ( 75kg/ acre) and farmyard manure.
Weeding should be done early enough to avoid competition for nutrients. Weeds can reduce the overall yield.
Pests and Diseases
Common pests that attack cabbages include aphids, saw fly and diamond back moth. Diseases include black rot, fungal spots and bacterial soft rot.
Cabbages are ready for harvesting after about 3 months. Harvesting can be done once the head forms.
To prevent the cabbage heads from cracking, harvesting is best done during morning hours when it is still cool.
An acre of land can yield between 10,000- 15,000 cabbage heads.
Market for Cabbage in Kenya
There is a ready market for cabbage in Kenya. The demand is very high as it is a very nutritious vegetable that is rich in nutrients such as iron and calcium.
Cabbages are mainly sold in open-air markets, groceries, supermarkets… etc. Prices vary depending on the size of the cabbage heads.
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