This is a list of all countries in the European Union (EU) as of 2020. It is a political and economic union of 27 countries that was formed on 1st November 1993 as a result of the Maastricht Treaty. It started off as the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957 through the Treaty of Rome. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands were the founding countries. The EU headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium.
The main goals of the EU are to promote peace, offer freedom, security and justice without internal borders, foster economic and monetary union, promote scientific and technological progress, enhance economic, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity among EU countries, creation of a competitive market economy with full employment and social progress, and environmental protection and promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity.
The currency of the European Union is the Euro(€). It is used by 19 out of the 27 EU countries as the official currency. Countries which use the Euro are collectively known as the Eurozone.
The European Union has achieved to break down barriers to trade and borders through the formation of the Schengen border-free area. Schengen is a territory that comprises of 26 countries that signed a treaty to end internal border checkpoints and controls. A citizen of a member state passing from one Schengen country to another Schengen country does not need to undergo border checks, which means he or she does not have to show a travelling document at the borders.
Below is a list of all the 27 European Union (EU) countries as of 2020.
List Of Countries in European Union 2020
|Countries||Year of entry|
The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31st January 2020.
The European Union Facts
By surface area, France is the biggest EU country with a size of 633,186.6 square kilometres and Malta the smallest with a size of 315.4 square kilometres.
|Country||Size in square kilometres|
As of January 2020, Germany is the most populated country in the EU with a population of 83,019,213 people while Malta is the least populated with a population of 493,559 people.
3.Quality of life
Luxembourg has the best quality of life in the European Union with a GDP PPP of 256 while Bulgaria has the least with a GDP PPP of 50. Living standards are compared by measuring the price of a range of goods and services in each country relative to income, using the purchasing power standard (PPS). The comparison of GDP per capita in PPS provides a clear outline of living standards across the EU.
|Country||GDP Per Capita in PPS|