List Of Countries in European Union 2020

This is a list of all countries in the European Union (EU) as of 2020. It is a political and economic union of 27 countries that was formed on 1st November 1993 as a result of the Maastricht Treaty. It started off as the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957 through the Treaty of Rome. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands were the founding countries. The EU headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium.

The main goals of the EU are to promote peace, offer freedom, security and justice without internal borders, foster economic and monetary union, promote scientific and technological progress, enhance economic, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity among EU countries, creation of a competitive market economy with full employment and social progress, and environmental protection and promotion of cultural and linguistic diversity.

The currency of the European Union is the Euro(€). It is used by 19 out of the 27 EU countries as the official currency. Countries which use the Euro are collectively known as the Eurozone.

The European Union has achieved to break down barriers to trade and borders through the formation of the Schengen border-free area. Schengen is a territory that comprises of 26 countries that signed a treaty to end internal border checkpoints and controls. A citizen of a member state passing from one Schengen country to another Schengen country does not need to undergo border checks, which means he or she does not have to show a travelling document at the borders.

Below is a list of all the 27 European Union (EU) countries as of 2020.

List Of Countries in European Union 2020

  Countries Year of entry
1 Belgium 01/01/1958
2 France 01/01/1958
3 Germany 01/01/1958
4 Italy 01/01/1958
5 Luxembourg 01/01/1958
6 Netherlands 01/01/1958
7 Denmark 01/01/1973
8 Ireland 01/01/1973
9 Greece 01/01/1981
10 Portugal 01/01/1986
11 Spain 01/01/1986
12 Austria 01/01/1995
13 Finland 01/01/1995
14 Sweden 01/01/1995
15 Cyprus 01/05/2004
16 Czechia 01/05/2004
17 Estonia 01/05/2004
18 Hungary 01/05/2004
19 Latvia 01/05/2004
20 Lithuania 01/05/2004
21 Malta 01/05/2004
22 Poland 01/05/2004
23 Slovakia 01/05/2004
24 Slovenia 01/05/2004
25 Bulgaria 01/01/2007
26 Romania 01/01/2007
27 Croatia 01/07/2013

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31st January 2020.

The European Union Facts 

1. Size

By surface area, France is the biggest EU country with a size of 633,186.6 square kilometres and Malta the smallest with a size of  315.4 square kilometres.

  Country Size in square kilometres
1 France 633,186.6
2 Spain 505,944
3 Sweden 438,574
4 Germany 357,376
5 Finland 338,440
6 Poland 312,679
7 Italy 302,073
8 Romania 238,390.7
9 Greece 132,049
10 Bulgaria 110,370
11 Hungary 93,011
12 Portugal 92,226
13 Austria 83,879
14 Czechia 78,868
15 Ireland 69,797
16 Lithuania 65,286
17 Latvia 64,573
18 Croatia 56,594
19 Slovakia 49,035
20 Estonia 45,227
21 Denmark 42,924
22 Netherlands 41,540
23 Belgium 30,528
24 Slovenia 20,273
25 Cyprus 9,251
26 Luxembourg 2,586
27 Malta 315.4

2.Population 

As of January 2020, Germany is the most populated country in the EU with a population of 83,019,213 people while Malta is the least populated with a population of  493,559 people.

  Country Population
1 Germany 83,019,213
2 France 67,012,883
3 Italy 60,359,546
4 Spain 46,937,060
5 Poland 37,972,812
6 Romania 19,414,458
7 Netherlands 17,282,163
8 Belgium 11,455,519
9 Greece 10,724,599
10 Czechia 10,649,800
11 Portugal 10,276,617
12 Sweden 10,230,185
13 Hungary 9,772,756
14 Austria 8,858,775
15 Bulgaria 7,000,039
16 Denmark 5,806,081
17 Finland 5,517,919
18 Slovakia 5,450,421
19 Ireland 4,904,240
20 Croatia 4,076,246
21 Lithuania 2,794,184
22 Slovenia 2,080,908
23 Latvia 1,919,968
24 Estonia 1,324,820
25 Cyprus 875,899
26 Luxembourg 613,894
27 Malta 493,559

3.Quality of life

Luxembourg has the best quality of life in the European Union with a GDP PPP of 256 while Bulgaria has the least with a  GDP PPP of 50. Living standards are compared by measuring the price of a range of goods and services in each country relative to income, using the purchasing power standard (PPS). The comparison of  GDP per capita in PPS provides a clear outline of living standards across the EU.

  Country GDP Per Capita in PPS
1 Luxembourg 256
2 Ireland 188
3 Netherlands 130
4 Austria 128
5 Denmark 127
6 Germany 124
7 Sweden 122
8 Belgium 116
9 Finland 111
10 France 104
11 Malta 98
12 Italy 96
13 Spain 92
14 Czechia 91
15 Slovenia 88
16 Cyprus 87
17 Estonia 82
18 Lithuania 81
19 Slovakia 78
20 Portugal 76
21 Poland 71
22 Latvia 71
23 Hungary 71
24 Greece 68
25 Romania 65
26 Croatia 63
27 Bulgaria 50