This is a list of volcanic mountains in Kenya. Volcanic mountains are formed from the eruption of molten rock (magma) from deep inside the ground and piles upon the surface. The most common types of volcanic mountains are stratovolcanoes and shield volcanoes.
Here is a list of volcanic mountains in Kenya.
1. Mount Kenya
Mount Kenya is an extinct stratovolcano that was created about 3 million years after the opening of the East African Rift. It is the highest mountain in Kenya. It was 7,000 metres high before glaciation.
2. Mount Elgon
Mount Elgon is an extinct shield volcano located on the border of Kenya and Uganda. It is the oldest extinct volcano in East Africa that is approximately 24 million years old. It has an elevation of 4,321 metres.
3. Mount Longonot
Mount Longonot is a stratovolcano located in the Great Rift Valley. The mountain contains a large caldera that was formed about 21,000 years ago by vast eruptions of trachytic lava. It has an elevation of 2,776 metres.
4. Ol Doinyo Eburru
It is an active complex of volcanoes located in the Great Rift Valley. Ol Doinyo Eburru’s elevation is 2,856 metres.
5. Mount Suswa
It is a shield volcano that is also located in the Great Rift Valley. It has an elevation of 2,356 metres. The mountain is characterized by lava tubes and a unique double crater with a moat-like inner crater that surrounds a tilted block of rock.
6. Mount Silali
Mount Silali is a dormant volcano and the largest caldera volcano located in the Gregory Rift Valley. It is a recent volcano that became active about 400,000 years ago. The mountain’s elevation is 2,355 metres.
7. Mount Paka
Mount Paka is a shield volcano that is located in the Great Rift Valley; East Pokot. The mountain’s elevation is 1,697 metres.
8. Mount Korosi
It is a shield volcano with an elevation of 1,446 metres. It is located in the Gregory Rift Valley, at the northern end of Lake Baringo.
9. Namarunu Mountain
It is a shield volcano located in Suguta Valley. It is a trachytic shield volcano topped by recent parasitic flows and lava flows. Namarunu’s elevation is 817 metres.
10. Mount Homa
Mount Homa is a complex volcano located in Western Kenya. It is one of the few carbonatite volcanoes formed of carbonatite lava and dates from Pleistocene to Miocene.