This article focuses on trees that grow in dry areas in Kenya. Dry areas in Kenya are characterised by extreme weather conditions that can only support the growth of certain plants and trees. The trees that grow in dry areas are good sources of timber, firewood, posts, poles and wood fuel.
Here are the trees that grow in dry areas in Kenya
1. Melia Volkensi
Melia Volkensi is locally known as Mukau. It is a fast-growing drought-tolerant tree that has a lot of benefits. It is widely grown in Kitui, Tharaka Nithi, Isiolo, Mandera and Marsabit. The tree is grown for timber, green leaf manure and can also be used as fodder for livestock.
2. Acacia Senegal
Acacia Senegal is a thorny deciduous tree that is extremely drought resistant. It can grow up to 15 metres high. The tree produces gum which is used in many industrial applications to manufacture various commodities.
3. Acacia Tortilis
Acacia Tortilis is also a drought-tolerant tree that can tolerate any type of soil. The tree has a lot of benefits. It can be used to make medicine, as a source of timber, firewood and fodder for livestock.
4. Milicia Excelsa
It is commonly known as Iroko. It can tolerate dry seasons for a period of 6 months. In most cases, it requires an annual rainfall of 700mm. It is deciduous and yields good timber which is resistant to termites.
5. Bottlebrush Tree
It is a small tree that is scientifically known as Callistemon Citrinus. It grows up to 6 metres high and is tolerant to different temperature ranges, soils and altitudes. In Kenya, it is mainly grown as an ornamental tree.
6. Terminalia Brownii
Terminalia Brownii is one of the trees that grow in dry areas. It is a drought-tolerant tree that is widely found in the Eastern region. Locals mainly use it for medicinal purposes, for wood carvings, poles, firewood and to make beehives.